Nuclear bombs are devastating weapons. The horrors of atomic warfare are well-known: They leave a toxic residue that contaminates the land for decades, and their explosive force can demolish entire buildings. People exposed to a nuclear blast may even develop cancer from radiation exposure. But how much damage do nuclear bombs really cause? Do they spread radiation as far as other kinds of explosions like chemical bombs? If you’re caught in a nuclear blast, where should you hide to protect yourself from the radiation? These questions and more will be answered in this article. Read on to learn more about how far radiation spreads after a nuke goes off.
How Far Can A Nuclear Bomb Spread?
- The first nuclear bomb was detonated on July 16, 1945. The United States government decided to use the newly developed atomic bomb on Japan. In order to find out how far the radiation would spread, a group of men was sent into the city. They were to walk down main roads and then return to report their findings.
- When they returned, they found that they had been contaminated with radioactive material. The men’s clothes were completely covered in black dust and some of them had radiation burns on their hands, face, and legs. It was clear that they should not stay in the city any longer after this incident. But how far did the radioactive material spread?
- The men were asked to walk down two different streets: one was at a distance of 1 mile (1.6 km) away from where the bomb exploded and one was 2 miles (3 km) away from it. After going for only about half an hour, all of them became ill with vomiting and stomach pains. The men were terrified to death and began to run away from the city. Some of them died within a few weeks from the effects of the radiation.
- After this incident, it was obvious that the radioactive material spread far beyond a mile (1.6 km) from where the bomb exploded. In order to find out how far it would spread, they tried different experiments:
- They took some animals and placed them around the city. After a few days, they found that most of them had died because they had eaten contaminated food or water;
- They also placed some radioactive material in a container which was then thrown into the sea near Tokyo Bay; and
- The last experiment involved placing some radioactive material on top of tall buildings in Tokyo and then measuring how far it spread through the air by sending planes over Tokyo at regular intervals for 10 days.
How Far Does Radiation Travel After A Nuclear Explosion?
- When a nuclear explosion occurs, the first radiation is released into the atmosphere. This invisible electromagnetic wave travels at the speed of light. As a result, it can travel to the other side of the Earth in a few hours. This is how far radiation travels after an explosion.
- As nuclear fallout travels on dust particles in the air, it can travel over long distances. A radioactive cloud can cover an area of thousands of square kilometers, which is enough to contaminate an entire country with radiation and cause severe health problems for people who live there.
- When radioactive fallout lands on your skin or clothes, it can travel to another person through contact with your skin or clothing. This can be dangerous if you are exposed to radioactive fallout while you are far from a nuclear explosion site and have no protective equipment nearby (such as a gas mask). This is why many countries have strict rules about keeping fallout out of your home and keeping track of where you are when you are outside your home.
- If you live in an area where radioactive fallout is released, you should stay indoors as much as possible. The best way to protect yourself from fallout is to make sure that no dust particles enter your home. You should also cover all windows and doors with plastic sheets and keep the air conditioner on when you are indoors.
- If your home is contaminated with radioactive fallout, you should stay inside for a few days until the radiation levels decrease. Then, it is safe to go outside again. Radiation levels will continue to decrease for about a week after nuclear explosions because the radioactive elements decay over time (see the chart below).
Where Does Nuclear Radiation Spread To?
- Fallout travels on dust particles.
- Fallout can travel through the soil in a cloud called fallout.
- Nuclear radiation can travel through the air as an invisible electromagnetic wave.
- In order to be dangerous, radioactive fallout must land on your skin or cause direct contact with your body.
- If a person is exposed to radiation, it does not necessarily mean that the person will die.
- The effect of fallout radiation depends on how long the radioactive particles remain in your body.
- Fallout can be dangerous if you are near nuclear explosions or nuclear power plants.
- Fallout is not a new phenomenon. It has been used in warfare for ages and is still used by the military today.
- The effects of fallout are usually mild, but can be deadly if the radiation is strong enough or if you are exposed to it for a long period of time.
- Fallout can be dangerous to anyone living near a nuclear power plant or a nuclear explosion, including people who live near military bases and even people who just happen to be in the wrong place at the wrong time.
- If you are exposed to radiation from fallout, it will stay in your body for about four days before it disappears from your system completely.
The Bottom Line
Nuclear bombs are devastating weapons, and their impact on the environment is devastating, too. A nuclear explosion can cause damage as far as the eye can see, and radiation can travel as far as the wind carries it. Radiation from a nuclear explosion can be harmful, but it can be avoided. You can protect yourself from radiation by avoiding areas that have been contaminated. Stay informed about the latest news about nuclear weapons to understand the current threat of nuclear radiation.